2023, Oct 28
The NJP Temma2 is a wonderful mount, with antique electronics. This shows how to upgrade it with a modern TeenAstro controller in a reversible way, without modifying any of the connectors. The original Temma2 electronics box is removed and replaced by a custom box.
It has a classical gear arrangement. Both RA and DEC axes have the same motor (NEMA17, 200 steps/rev), reducer (18:1) and gears (60:24). The RA axis wheel has 240 teeth, and the DEC has 144 teeth. The resulting gear ratios are:
RA: 18 x 2.5 x 240 = 10800
DEC: 18 x 2.5 x 144 = 6480
The encoders on the worm are ABN type with 300 pulses/rev. At sidereal speed, on the RA axis, we get one A/B pulse every 0.8333 second and one N pulse every 250 seconds.
At this time, I use a temporary aluminium plate with an external TeenAstro. Eventually it will be replaced by a small TeenAstro board attached to the mount.
I made simple 4-wire adapters to plug the motors. The Temma2 has Rose connectors that are mechanically very close to similar Molex models.
The encoders connectors have 6 pins at 1.27mm pitch. It is difficult, but possible to make an adapter to the easier 2.54mm pitch. However I have not yet figured out how Takahashi uses them. Of course they are not absolute, so they cannot be used like modern 10-Micron or Astrophysics mounts, but they might be used to improve tracking (more on this later).
The mount works fine. The original Temma2 electronics are rated to 350x. I set the maximum slewing speed to 420x, with 16 microsteps (no need to use a bigger value with such a high gear). In Motion Controller mode (SPI only), it would be possible to run faster, but this would push the motors way beyond their rated maximum speed.